Dr Goswami, while talking about the week-long hepatitis awareness programme on the occasion of World Hepatitis Day, 2017, said, People who are at risk of developing viral hepatitis are the workers in health care professions, people with multiple sexual partners and intravenous drug users.
"Not only does it stop it progressing to cirrhosis and all those nasty complications but it also makes them feel better because it's the virus in the blood which makes people feel exhausted. and in many cases it can make them feel depressed". The treatment for Hepatitis C is out of reach for the larger population due to its heavy costs.
This year's World Hepatitis Day is being marked under the theme "Eliminate Hepatitis" to mobilize intensified action towards the health targets in the 2030 Agenda and UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
There are five main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.
If you were tattooed prior to that, you still run a risk of being a carrier of the virus. Patients often do not feel unwell until the late stages of liver disease or develop complications.
When a person is infected by HBV, his/her immune system may fight against the foreign body and may clear them from the body within 6 months. "For HEV and HAV infections hygiene and sanitation practices play major roles, while for HBV and HCV, lifestyle and awareness are very important".
An analysis done by SRL Diagnostics, a diagnostic chain in India, on Viral Hepatitis (A, B, C, E) testing done in its laboratories revealed that Hepatitis C Virus infection was most common in the Northern states of India when compared with other parts of the country. "The infection can also be vertical - spreading from mother to child at the time of birth", adds Dr. Murugan.
Hepatitis C Virus: One of the most serious types of hepatitis, HCV has no preventive vaccine.
Due to this, there is often a common misconception that jaundice is the marker for hepatitis, and that one can not have hepatitis if one doesn't have jaundice. Hepatitis B, C and D are primarily spread through contact with infected blood. Hepatitis A and E are usually spread through contaminated food or water, as it is usually excreted through the feces of an infected person.
Prof. Harry Hausler, the CEO of TB/HIV Care, explains, "Research such as this is critical to understanding the viral hepatitis burden among vulnerable people".
Some people who do have symptoms of Hep B might show yellowing skin or eyes (or Jaundice), loss of appetite, tiredness, muscle, joint, or stomach pain and stomach upset, diarrhoea, or vomiting.
It said the most effective current hepatitis B treatment - tenofovir - was available for as low as 48 dollars per year in many low and middle income countries and called for the scaling up of access to testing. Currently, there are effective preventive vaccines for HBV and several blockbuster drugs to treat HCV. Around millions of people are facing the problems with chronic liver diseases, cancer, and death. Recovery from symptoms following infection may take several weeks or even months.
The collaboration of Government of Punjab with PKLI is a good example of public private partnership for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis. If high infectivity is discovered, she should be on antiviral medication in third trimester. "The national response towards hepatitis elimination is gaining momentum. To achieve this, health authorities can increase the prominence of hepatitis-related information and advocacy", said Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, WHO Regional Director for South-East Asia.