The UN Security Council's adoption of fresh sanctions against North Korea is not enough to induce a marked change in its behavior but is still meaningful in that, by targeting oil supplies to the country for the first time, it signals a strong warning that tougher action remains ready to be taken, experts said Tuesday.
If fully implemented, the new sanctions would cut a third of North Korea's oil imports, which Haley called the "life blood" of its efforts to build and deliver a nuclear weapon.
The South Korean Foreign Ministry in a statement also lauded the adoption of UNSC Resolution 2375 as a response to the Pyongyang's latest nuclear test, which it said "showed the strong will of the global community that it will not allow North Korea's reckless and irresponsible nuclear weapons development, a serious provocation to worldwide peace and security".
It bars countries from issuing new work permits to North Korean laborers sent overseas and seeks to phase out the practice by asking countries to report on the date for ending existing contracts.
North Korea regularly threatens to destroy South Korea and its main ally, the USA, which it accuses of continual preparation for invasion.
"Chinese banks restricting financial flows between (China and) North Korea is actually restricting trade on the whole", Zhang said. And it wants Pyongyang to stop nuclear and missile tests. But she also held out the prospect of a peaceful resolution to the crisis.
With India, Russia and Pakistan already nuclear powers, not to mention the US, China may end up with more nuclear armed neighbours than any other country in the world. China supplies most of the oil to its ally the North.
Haley said the goal of the increasing sanctions is to convince the Kim government to end its threatening nuclear missile development program in exchange for sanctions relief, economic aid and security guarantees.
It provided a complete embargo on oil, oil products and gas, the referral of North Korea to its expatriates (approximately 93.000 according to Washington), the freezing of assets of Kim Jong-un, the ban of the import of textiles north Korean and inspections by the force of vessels on the high seas suspected of violating the United Nations resolutions.
The textile ban is significant.
China also backed Monday's United Nations resolution, which bans textile exports and restricts shipments of oil products, though it did so only after Washington toned down its original proposal to secure the backing of Beijing and Moscow.
The resolution bans the import and export of textiles - both fabric and clothing - by the North.
Many soldiers are used as a labor force to compensate for the ineffective North Korean economy, so the army is not only about military organization.
Earlier, UN banned North Korean exports of coal, ore and other raw materials and limited investments in the country. The resolution adopted Monday adds only one person to the sanctions list - Pak Yong Sik, a member of the Workers' Party of Korea Central Military Commission, which controls the country's military and helps direct its military industries.
During tough negotiations, the United States dropped initial demands for a full oil embargo and a freeze on the foreign assets of North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un.
"The world will witness how the DPRK (North Korea) tames the US gangsters by taking a series of actions tougher than they have ever envisaged", an official spokesperson in Pyongyang said.
Ambassador Han Tae Song also lashed out at the United States during a plenary session of the U.N.'s Conference on Disarmament, saying North Korea denounces Washington's "evil intention" and would "make sure the USA pays a due price".
"We don't take pleasure in further strengthening sanctions today", said Haley.
Beijing and Moscow have urged the United States to suspend its joint military exercises with South Korea in exchange for a North Korea nuclear freeze, but the USA representative to the U.N. dismissed the proposal as insulting.
Both Beijing and Moscow had strong words for Washington.
"If South Korea, Japan, or both could have the USA deploy tactical nuclear weapons, that'll put pressure on Kim to come to dialogue", Lee said.