Monday's decision, triggered by the North's sixth and largest nuclear test this month, was the ninth such resolution unanimously adopted by the 15-member Security Council since 2006 over North Korea's ballistic missile and nuclear programmes.
Britain's U.N. Ambassador Matthew Rycroft, who backs "robust" new sanctions, said Thursday that the US proposals to ban all oil imports and textile exports and prohibit North Koreans from working overseas - which helps fund and fuel the country's nuclear and missile programs - are "a proportionate response" to its "illegal and reckless behavior".
Joseph Yun, the State Department's special representative for North Korea policy, arrived in Moscow ahead of the Security Council vote on a new package of sanctions, on the regime of Kim Jong Un, which curtail its energy imports and textile exports but fall short of the full oil embargo the United States had initially proposed.
"The world will witness how the DPRK tames the United States gangsters by taking a series of actions tougher than they have ever envisaged", the foreign ministry said in a statement carried by the official KCNA news agency.
The ban stopped short of the toughest-ever measures sought by the Trump administration against all oil imports and the global assets freeze of the North Korean government and its leader Kim Jong-un. The new draft also softens its language on foreign workers and other issues.
Han said North Korea is "ready to use a form of ultimate means" but did not elaborate, Reuters reported.
However, the resolution requires unanimous backing from the United Nations security council, which consists of five permanent members, for it to be implemented.
The resolution is a watered-down version of the original United States proposal.
The report also said that the sanctions had been softened to appease China and Russian Federation, citing diplomats. Both had expressed skepticism over the strict sanctions. The proposition was said to have been relayed by Cho Tae-yong, who at the time was deputy chief of South Korea's National Security Council, to Daniel Kritenbrink, senior director for Asian affairs in Obama's National Security Council. He urged Pyongyang to take "concrete action" toward denuclearization. "But I'm not sure that they will really have much effect on the nuclear weapons and missile programs, given the priority that those initiatives must have for the DPRK leadership".
In a piece published in July, Roh's colleague, Henri Féron wrote that several economic indicators - including construction boom, trade, and food production - showed that sanctions were not working in North Korea.
The Chinese government let it be known that should North Korea attack any other sovereign nation, particularly Guam, China would not come to the aid of North Korea.
"It's popular, with some customers each buying dozens of the product", she said, adding, "We're all right because we have a supply route bypassing the sanctions". "That's a problem between us and the United States", Kim said.
A proposed asset freeze and a travel ban on North Korean leader Kim Jong-un were dropped. Pyongyang opened its embassy in Peru in the 1980s during the first government of former President Alan Garcia, which bought weapons from North Korea at a discount for police.
Over the weekend, leaders in Germany and France waded into the escalating crisis.
"My sense is they believe that they don't have time for a delicate diplomatic dance", he told The Associated Press in a telephone interview Friday. Over the weekend, Angela Merkel pointed to Iran-style nuclear negotiations as a feasible option and one Germany was "prepared to play a very active part in".
Reacting on Tuesday, Mr Trump said: "We think it's just another very small step, not a big deal. The consequences would be totally unpredictable and certainly dramatic for the people of the Korean peninsula, the region and most likely the world", she told MEPs.