This time, however, the measure has the full support of a Republican White House. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that 91.6% of abortions in the U.S.in 2013 were performed in the first 13 weeks of pregnancy, compared to 1.3% of those performed after 20 weeks.
The bill would make it a crime for a medical provider to perform an abortion if the age of the fetus is 20 weeks or more.
Marjorie Dannenfelser, president of the pro-life Susan B. Anthony List, stated on Tuesday that "This bill, which the President has promised to sign, would get us out of that disgraceful club and bring our laws into line with basic human decency".
"Twenty states have passed their own legislation to protect babies at five months, and polls consistently show that a large majority of Americans - women in higher numbers than men - support it". Jeanne Mancini, president of the March for Life Education and Defense Fund, led a panel on "the current landscape for loving, life-affirming abortion alternatives that support women and families".
Cardinal Timothy Dolan of NY, chair of the Pro-Life Committee of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, asked House members to support the bill in a September 29 letter. What's more, they're trying to force more women to bear unwanted children just days after Congress allowed funding to lapse for the Children's Health Insurance Program, and just a week since the GOP's final botched effort to take away health insurance from tens of millions of Americans.
He added that "every child, from conception onward, deserves love and the protection of the law". Nor can we trust a Republican attorney general such as John Adams - who has called the legal basis of Roe v. Wade 'really questionable' - to fight such a ban. "I'm proud of the great work that my colleague Congressman Trent Franks has done to protect the unborn", said Rep. Jim Jordan, R-Urbana.
Critics of the bill say that it could pose serious risks to women's rights and health.
"The only difference between killing a baby born alive and aborting them just prior to birth is location".
Research conducted in 2005 suggested that premature babies could not feel pain at 29 or 30 weeks.
Karen Middleton, executive director of NARAL Pro-Choice Colorado, notes that Colorado voters have made it clear they do not want to see access to abortion limited and have voted against similar restrictions three times.
"Ending the unsafe and violent practice of late-term abortions should not be controversial".
"The doctor informed them that infants with this condition very rarely survive more than a few days after delivery", Ms. Watson Coleman said.
"This risky, out-of-touch legislation is nothing more than yet another attempt to restrict women's access to safe, legal abortion", Planned Parenthood Action Fund said online. The Supreme Court past year refused to review North Dakota's ban on abortion as early as 6 weeks of pregnancy and Arkansas' ban on abortion at 12 weeks of pregnancy had been struck down by lower courts.
The bill makes exceptions for medical cases where an abortion is needed to save the life of a pregnant woman.
The bill states that "there is substantial medical evidence that an unborn child is capable of experiencing pain at least by 20 weeks after fertilization, if not earlier". In Senate, Republicans need to get 60 votes, but y only have 52 seats. Late-term abortions are responsible for the deaths of thousands of babies each year.
"If we have any historical memory, we know science is a fickle handmaiden", she wrote.
Daniel Lipinski, from the 3rd Congressional District of IL and cosponsor of the bill, voted yes on passage of the 20-week abortion ban.